Division Strategic Service Anti-Terrorism
D.S.S.A. URBAN WARFARE TRAINING CENTER
D.S.S.A. SPECIAL RECONNAISSANCE UNIT
NATO SUPPORT AGENCY
MILITARY SPECIAL COMPANY
- Intelligence Service
- Special Operations
- Counter-Intelligence and Counter-Terrorism
- Covert Operations
- Special Reconnaissance Unit
- Urban Warfare Training Center
DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
The Headquarter for Strategic Studies Counter – terrorism Private Military Security Company
– Military Services Providers – Military Organization, divided into eight Divisions Technical
– Operative, aimed at Service Intelligence, Research, Analysis, Strategic Studies, Special Operations, Counter – Intelligence, Reconnaissance, Counter – Terrorism.
The Commanding General of the Military Company is legally with signing authority for all acts of ordinary and extraordinary administration. The Commanding General may grant a special decree powers for the implementation of technical-operational, administrative, bureaucratic, may order the Special Operations Command giving a proxy temporary.
To internal the General Command were set up:
The Commanding General, appointed by special decree of the technical consultants, both internal and external. Supervisors also appoints the technical role. It may take assignments registered in no more than 5% of the organic rotation (in the first implementation set in 9000 units) in the actual role. Appointment of the General Officers, Senior Officers, Officers Lower.
At D.S.S.A. accessed prior to placing on the role and application of Enlistment according to the standardized tests required for PMC Special Unit – NATO SUPPORT AGENCY. It also leads to direct employment by special decree of the Commanding General, to an extent not more than 20% of the whole. They can access civilian and military personnel and police forces on leave. Civilian staff can access both the role consultants, who in the organic world, after the training course. Staff Military Forces and the Police Service Permanente, only in the role of consultants. (Excluding Italian Republic).
The Italian citizens do not have access to the DSSA as expressly prohibited by the laws of Italian.
They can access the D.S.S.A. Citizens of all countries members of NATO, whether the
existing national laws allow.
Establishment and structure of the Divisions The structure of eight divisions, is as follows:
– Staff – Materials and Links – Activities Abroad Activities in Criminal Police Ideologies
– Service – Financial Intelligence Limit and control the access of terrorists to financial and other economic resources; identify the infiltrators, as both structures as single cells; address the factors that encourage financial support to terrorism and recruitment into its ranks. analyze geopolitical, geo-information, and social and psychological factors of the areas: North Africa, the Middle East and Far East, and to identify and implement actions psychological military and civilian (Spyop) and counter their, in the event that applied by the terrorist structures.
– Administration – Accounting – Justice – Materials – Technical Issues – Operation and analysis of information Maximize the ability to detect, investigate and prosecute terrorists and prevent of terrorist attacks, identifying possible future scenarios of terrorist actions in order to identify the sites: the object of attack, and the authors.
– Legal Matters – Technical Issues – Cultural Issues Industrial – Economic Issues – Special Operations Correspondence information in the fight against terrorism in real time to the authorities responsible Transmitting all relevant information on crime related to terrorism, not just If it’s knowledge. Strengthen counter-terrorism capabilities, and enable the Antiterrorism-Force Team.
– General Security Counter – Protection Measures Coordination Political Activities Borders Foreign Workers Analysis of counter-espionage and infiltration, stabilization and destabilisation, onset and counterinsurgency Islamic systems, to enhance the ability of member states to cope with the consequences of a terrorist attack.
– Identification – Prevention Repression – Institutes – Connections between technical institutions Said Division, maintains the forms and techniques with the diplomatic services of lntelligence and Armies (excluding the Italian Republic) the respective member countries of NATO, UN, USA and the State of Israel. Cooperation in information exchange and operational techniques in the fight against terrorism.
– Archives – Searches – Classification – Exploiting new technologies. Technician-Logistics, administration and staff. The above division is purely internal, and 1 has to ensure the efficiency of the structure of DSSA, the processing of paperwork and administrative provisions relating to parts operations correct of the Division Commanders and their officers, technical assistants and collaborators, the profitable parts, I acted purchases and operating expenses of the missions. All the members of the Anti-Terrorism Department are required to report g1i external meetings and provide detailed reports on operations, to direct superiors. In specifying and understand the operational reliability of the Company, it operates on monitoring geopolitical, sociological, psychological, religious, and financial structures terrorist organizations, in a list, always being updated, which divides into a first grouping, 28 groups currently operating 13 terrorist groups whose activities ended in 2000, but that they can and source for the reorganization of the other groups.
– The Special Forces of the D.S.S.A.: It involves training and combat elite. Squadrons specializing in unconventional warfare – covert operations-as well as counter-terrorism, homeland defense, and special reconnaissance. With the experience of planning and executing complex operations, these veterans can also be a powerful force in the service of governments.
The Special Forces unit have six specific major tasks: unconventional warfare (UW – Unconventional Warfare), contribute to the internal defense of foreign countries (FID – Foreign Internal Defense), special reconnaissance (SR – Special Reconnaissance), direct action (DA – Direct Action), combating terrorism (CT Counter-terrorism) and release the hostages (HR – hostage Rescue). Other tasks include search and rescue (CSAR – Combat Search And Rescue), peacekeeping, humanitarian assistance, rehabilitation of minefields, psychological warfare and operations against drug trafficking.
– Mechanized Unit – Transportation – Telecommunications Department Command and Transmissions Group Reconnaissance Squadrons Group Genius logistic battalion battalion transmissions Maneuver battalion logistics Group Squadrons.
The registered offices, administrative P.M.C. – DSSA, are established in:
UNITED KINGDOM – LONDON,120 HIGH ROAD – FIRST FLOOR FLAT- N2 9ED.
With Technical-Operational Commands located in:
|Units Rank Commander
Marshal Lieutenant Lt.
Lieutenant Colonel Colonel
General of corps armed
General – Commander in Chief
HIERARCHICAL STRUCTURE OF D.S.S.A.
ROLE OF THE OFFICIAL GENERAL
|COMMANDER||GENERAL OF -10||1|
|DEPUTY COMMANDER||GENERAL OF -9||3|
|GENERAL ARMY CORPS||LIEUTENANT-GENERAL OF -8||5|
|GENERAL DIVISION||MAJOR GENERAL OF||7|
|BRIGADIER GENERAL||BRIGADIER GENERAL OF -6||10|
ROLE OF HIGHER OFFICERS
|LIEUTENANT COLONEL 0-4||24|
CAPTAIN 0-2 96
FIRST LIEUTENANT 0-1 36
SECOND LIEUTENANT 0-1 36
ROLE NCOs and TROOP
MASTER SERGEANT E-9 96
FIRST SERGEANT E-8 96
SERGEANT MAJOR OF FIRST CLASS E-7 96
SERGEANT MAJOR E-6 96
SERGEANT E-5 96
CORPORAL E-4 1.200
FIRST SPECIALIST E-3 2.400
SPECIALIST OF THE FIRST CLASS E-2
SPECIALIST -1 8.000 – 12.000
1. Subordination is the dependency ratio determined by the hierarchy. it requires conscious fulfillment of the duties of one’s state, and in particular that of obedience.
1. Obedience consists in the execution ready, respectful and loyal orders
pertaining to the service and discipline in accordance with the oath.
2. Is the absolute duty of obedience, unless the limits set by law.
1. The oath lends itself in solemn form
1. The flag of the Military Company is the symbol of honor and loyalty. It must be defended to the extreme sacrifice.
Esprit de corps.
1. The spirit of the corps, is the feeling of solidarity, based on military traditions and historical, must unite members of the same unit beyond the nationality of origin, in order to maintain and increase the high prestige of the company to which they belong.
Duties relating to the protection of secrecy and confidentiality
of the affairs of the Society.
1. The members, in addition to strictly observe the rules of secrecy must:
a) acquire and maintain the confidentiality of the abit news topics or the disclosure of which may bear prejudicial to the security of NATOOTAN, excluding from private conversations, even if they occur with family, any reference to the above topics or news;
b) to prevent the disclosure of information relating to the service which, although insignificant, may constitute material information;
c) report promptly to their superiors any information which has come to their attention that might affect the security of the Member States of NATO-OTAN
Duties of their superiors.
1. The top to be taken pursuant to their work and that the degree conferred on him authority because they are used and exercised only to the service and benefit of the Company and for enforcing compliance by employees with the laws, regulations, orders and requirements of the service. for first he must give example respect of discipline and strict adherence to the regulations: the more imperious duty as high and its degree.
2. The superior must hold fast to the discipline of employees and strive to achieve the highest possible efficiency of the unit, the agency or department to which and in charge. It must in particular:
a) respect in their relations with the lower the equal dignity of all and always inform its assessment on criteria of objectivity and justice;
b) to prevent, in principle, to draw in the public employee who has been missing. To take it back, whenever possible, should call him aside and use, in the recall, short form and energetic, referring only to the fact of the moment;
c) to increase knowledge of employees, assess their individual qualities and develop their personality;
d) to provide education of the ‘personal and implement measures to promote cultural elevating, the formation of civic consciousness, the professional and informed participation;
e) treating the living conditions and welfare of staff;
f) to ensure the respect of the rules of safety and prevention to safeguard employees’ physical integrity;
g) grant interviews required, for reasons of a private or family in the form provided and provide for rapid evaluation of applications submitted in the prescribed manner;
h) take every opportunity exemplary behavior and act with firmness, fairness and understanding;
i) puts all his energy lesser so that it can be put in the best position to execute the order had.
Duties Officer – NCO The Gazette – NCO:
1. Officer, in accordance with the provisions in force, under the command or at the direction of unity, Company service or organically formed and with autonomy in the field of employment and in the logistical, technical and administrative, shall perform the duties of lieutenant.
2. Commander unit, in addition to the general duties common to all high school, has special duties. He, as part of the unit, is directly responsible for the discipline, organization, employment and training of personnel and in accordance with appropriate standards and preservation of materials. Performs also the functions according to the laws and internal regulations.
Any type of semi-automatic weapons, automatic grenade launchers, rocket launchers. Personnel authorized to use any type of weapons and semi- automatic, up to 12.7 Å~ 99 caliber (50 BMG), explosive material including rocket-propelled grenades, provided the propulsion occurs via solid fuel. Excluded from use in liquid propulsion rockets and weapons or projectiles containing bio hazardous materials. GLOCK 17 – BERETTA 92- M 4A1 – ARX 160.
General rules of conduct in THEATRES WAR
DIVISION STRATEGIC SERVICE ANTI-TERRORISM MILITARY SERVICE PROVIDER:
His staff, during operations in theaters of war, or in areas of operations, whether all people with whom he comes in contact, according to existing international laws, while respecting their dignity. Will report all violations to the UK Jurisdiction.
Rules for the use of force:
1) Use of force
Adopt rules for the use of force consistent with applicable law and the minimum requirements listed in Section use of force and use; these rules they know the subject of an ‘agreement with the Government of the requesting State.
It provides that all complaints to the use of force will comply with applicable law; they shall never exceed the extent strictly necessary, but remain proportionate to the threat and adapted to the situation.
It expects its staff to use firearms only in self defense or to defend themselves or others against a real and imminent threat of death or serious injury, or to prevent a particularly serious terrorist act associated with a real danger of death.
To the extent that the staff DIVISION will be formally authorized by the applicant Government to assist the Police and Security Forces, for law and order, can the use of force even with the weapons in accordance with all national and international laws applicable to regular law enforcement officers and the requesting State. With the limits laid down in the basic principles of the United Nations on the use of force and use of firearms by the police forces in the service of public policy.
KEY POINTS CONCERNING THE MANAGEMENT AND THE GOVERNMENT APPLICANT
Integration of the Code in corporate policies
Personnel selection They can not be used for individuals below 18 yearsThe operations personnel must be in possession of the psycho-physical requirements necessary for the performance of assigned missions.
Arms Management use weapons training The staff working in war zones are enabled on the type and model of weapon supplied, both personal and departmental.
Management of war material
USE WEAPONS OF WAR
Procedures of the war armament management, and ammunition:
a) armory reserve;
b) the load control and discharge;
c) the register of staff who received weapons department supplied with loading
Accident and incident reporting
Will prepare a report of all injuries or accidents to which our staff and was associated and having given rise to the use of any weapon, what means a shot in any circumstance (except authorized training of shots), of any escalation violence, property damage, injuries, attacks, criminal acts, traffic accidents, accidents to which the other security forces took part and any other report requested by the customer; start to this subject an internal investigation that will determine:
a) the time and place of the accident or incident;
b) the identity and nationality of all people involved, with the address and
other information needed to contact them;
c) the injuries and the damage caused;
d) the facts that preceded the accident or incident;
e) any measures taken later by.
At the end of ‘investigation, it will produce a written report involving the above information, a copy for the customer
and to the extent where the legislation in force requires a copy to the competent authority.
Health and safety at work
The staff must adhere to the legal framework of the countries in which they operate and, in general, any form of legality.
He must reject any assets that can be in conflict with the interests of the UK, and NATO-OTAN, both at the level of individuals or of the economic and public sphere.
It has the duty of excellence towards its customers in order to offer a high level of service in the best possible commercial terms. And ‘it supported by a team of founding members and experts of the highest level with outstanding competence.
He must observe strict secrecy in their activities with regard to applicants governments and respecting the confidentiality of information.
Constantly develops a respectful spirit of positive body towards its partners and employees. A get together at the highest level, selected, motivated to get into a challenging team with enthusiasm for the problems with safety, risks, and strategic intelligence of a sensitive nature particularly complex.
It must monitor and enforce changes in policies, legislation and professional papers in the field of security and intelligence activities. Maintain a permanent link with the government authorities authorizing its recognition by the United Kingdom authorities and regulators.
Close Quarters Battle (CQB)
TECHNIQUES OF COMBAT PROCEDURES IN URBAN CENTERS
AND ENCLOSED PLACES
The fighting in the neighborhoods (CQC) is a type of fighting in which small units engage the enemy with long-and short-range personal weapons, even melee. In the plan of action typical of CQB, attackers try a change of very fast and violent operation of a vehicle or structure of the guard control. Because enemies, hostages / civilians and operators can be mixed very carefully, CQB requires a fast attack and precise application of lethal force. Operators need a valid competence with their weapons, but also the ability to make decisions to limit accidents friendly.
The use CQB techniques are sometimes used by criminals, for example. in a shop, for robbery, but the terminology is from ‘training used to prepare soldiers to operate in highly populated residential areas and other competent authorities.
Although very similar, CQB is not synonymous with urban warfare, now known by the military or MOUT FIBUA west. Urban warfare is a much larger field, including logistics and the role of team weapons (such as guns, submachine assault, mortars and grenade launchers, as well as air support and armored cars). In CQB, the emphasis is on small infantry units using light, compact weapons that one man can easily carry and use in confined spaces, such as machine guns, shotguns, pistols and knives.
At best, the leader of the assault team brings together all the intelligence available about the scene, the crisis of the innocents objectives. It summarizes and discusses the proposed program, describing the actions and responsibilities of each team, position, fields of fire and special tasks (even to the point of a provision of door-to- door and wall-to-wall lens, where available). Since the assault team usually already has specialized training, the operation is based on the method of use its preparation tested according to standards. When the time available for the preparation is considerable, the team carries out exercises on a model that duplicates the target environment. Some units perform “targeted training” of ship models, airliner to practice more realistically.
In a long column, the attackers can sometimes lead specialized equipment for the survey of the inside of a well-backcourt. Sensitive thermal cameras can help identify the occupants, the elements that guard the OBJ can run the microphones and cameras fiber-optic through the walls, ceilings and floors. The phones which establish contact between the authorities and the suspects often contain hidden cameras or infrared lamps for intelligence. If the hostages escape orcan communicate / signal the attackers, they can provide more information from inside.
The information on the inside of a building or an enemy vehicle may be accessible only by studying it with binoculars or a rifle scope optics. While some attackers can operate close to the enemy or even below them, others must wait their turn to surgery to intervene with all the force available to move the acquisition.
Military team leading with stealthy method the lens mount. The goal is to complete all the offensive action before the enemy can react is hooked. The element of surprise: the entry teams use the discipline of movement and stealth noise / light to get the approach to targets, possibly positioning itself to engage the enemy before they become conscious of their presence. Some teams use subsonic sniper rifles for their initial shots on sentries or on dogs.
An assault should take place in a time when even the minimum elements are provided, considering the periods of del’OBJ fatigue, normal sleep periods and other factors that reduce the objective supervision. Diversions are an essential element in achieving the surprise. The organized emergencies, such as an accident, a fire, or a fake explosion of a car near the crisis, they may divert attention from the objective assault elements. Breach with explosives and diversionary devices, such as flash bang, smoke, or gas grenades can be used to distract and disorient targets. The negotiators may try to manipulate the protections in a more vulnerable position.
Methods of entry
Approaching the point of fracture of the lens entry team during the CQB training.
When a free construction, it is usually in a slow and deliberate manner with the aid of screens and ballistic mirrors to search a situation the more congenial. This allows a higher degree of safety. When suspects are met, the Forces responsible can compare with an alarm, a try to take control without firing. If the researchers are in contact with the heavy resistance, they can usually pull back without harm and prepare for dynamic entrance.
However, against resolute opponents and well trained fighting affiatatamente to defend an area and to keep it under their control, there may be deaths of many attackers and hostages. That dynamic leads to the entrance, used in military schemes save the hostage. It is the popular image of CQB: a plethora of gunmen who burst without warning and try to cripple the area. Dynamic entry tactics must be fast and aggressive, ideally an overwhelming force using a continuous flow that will not stop until you eliminate the threat.
In the vast majority of the hostage rescue / i and other dynamic CQB operations, it is desirable to use multiple simultaneous attacks from different points of entry to overload the target’s ability to respond effectively. More points of entry attackers can choose the greater the chances of success of the operation. The teams actually entering the lens must usually synchronize with snipers, negotiators, power technicians, perimeter guards and others that help from the outside. The personal, researchers and medical experts, the bomb can be prepared to enter the scene as soon as the initial attackers get control.
It is important that the central coordination of the commander to all elements, not only to improve the complete reclamation of the OBJ area, but to defend themselves particularly from friendly fire. Most of assault rifle bullets can pass straight through an enemy and still move with enough force to kill again. The bullets of a gun and the shot shotgun represent less risk of overpenetration through a human body, but they can still be harmful through the plasterboard and killing people on the other side. When large areas need to be cleared, they will assign areas of competence between the elements and in constant radio contact to ensure they do not interfere each other. The goal is to establish the overlapping fields of fire, so that multiple shooters can attack immediately from different parts without danger of hitting one another.
Once the assault begins, the team must gain control before the target understands what is happening and can prepare an effective defense or mount a counterattack. The guards sometimes have a contingency plan that would lead the attack on bloccrsi as the killing of hostages, exploding bombs or destroy evidence. If you can run a program organized, how to fall back into a stronghold prepared, or cross the boundary, the possibility of friendly accidents increases.
The speed is achieved with well-designed tactics, how to gain proximity to a method unnoticed, the use of multiple entry points and explosive breaching.
For the team dynamic entry, earn and make a lot of physical and psychological motivation are essential: to blow up doors, bursting charges in the walls, break windows, from helicopters, from vehicle- mounted platforms are used to create unexpected entry points. The sensory onslaught from tear gas, explosive breaching, from flashbangs and shots of gunfire is complemented through the intimidating and aggressive actions of the assault team. Hostiles sometimes hide among the hostages, also finished the gunfight, operators must still maintain dominance over anyone who is alive.
The guards try to stop the enemies close to the entry points. “The fatal funnel” is the dangerous area where the assaulter is silhouetted against his own entry point from the perspective of the guards inside the room. Once operators begin to enter, the guards try to keep them from escaping the fatal funnel. Attackers are also vulnerable from the corners closest to the point of entry, the first place where they can be hit from behind while you enter the room. If the first attackers can not release the corners and exit the fatal funnel, allowing those behind to penetrate in and help, the attack can bog down.
The military use of nearby neighborhoods battle vary by the type, the branch and the unit mission. The military operations other than war (MOOTW) may involve the riot control or the maintenance of peace. Specialized forces such as the teams of the US Coast Guard or Navy of the United States VBSS (visit, board, search and seizure) can adapt the tactics of CQB to their specific needs, for example to embark on boats and non-compliant compliant at sea. Saving or hostage extraction from the command identifies itself as Areo Service Special British (SAS or SBS), Delta Force or may involve adaptations or variations even more special, according to specialized environments, weapons technology, policy or a mixture of friendly personal, unfriendly or civilians. The armies that often engage in urban warfare environment can train most of their infantry in basic teaching CQB as they relate to common tasks for breaking into building, “reclaim a room”.
At the national level, teams of police crisis response are the primary groups to engage in CQB. Situations involving the potential for CQB are generally extraordinary threats outside the conventional possibilities of the police and are organized and trained to respond to these situations. These situations often require special tactics and techniques involving procedures for entry into a room of a building, and which are the elemti caretteristici CQB.
The police doctrine CQB also specializes on the type and unit mission. Each has of different goals, but may use tactics and similar technology such nonlethal force. A prison, for example, can have a unit that specializes in highrisk extraction from cells and hospitals or psychiatric neighborhoods often have specialized teams alike. Among the “tools” and tactics “less-than-lethal” of CQB police electroshock guns, pepper spray, riot shields, rubber bullets, tear gas, plastic bullets. Arms “less-than-lethal” but can inflict injuries sometimes deadly.
“Fight up in Building Area”
The FIBUA, Fight up in Building Area, is a new doctrine on urban combat. New techniques, new precautions, new mentality to the dangers encountered in urban areas and not as in a battlefield. The war in Iraq has accelerated this.
Exercise can be summarized as follows:
– take possession of the village, with a goal of neutralizing the enemy previously infiltrated;
– provide for the defender settle the village (crosslinked, night surveillance with proper tools, mine).